Knowles' theory of andragogy is an attempt to develop a theory
specifically for adult learning. Knowles emphasizes that adults are
self-directed and expect to take responsibility for decisions. Adult
learning programs must accommodate this fundamental aspect.
Rogers distinquished two types of learning: cognitive (meaningless) and
experiential (significant). The former corresponds to academic knowledge
such as learning vocabulary or multiplication tables and the latter refers
to applied knowledge such as learning about engines in order to repair a
car. The key to the distinction is that experiential learning addresses the
needs and wants of the learner. Rogers lists these qualities of experiential
learning: personal involvement, self-initiated, evaluated by learner, and
pervasive effects on learner.